Fixed versus adjustable rate loans
With a fixed-rate loan, your monthly payment never changes for the life of your mortgage. The amount allocated to principal (the actual loan amount) will increase, but the amount you pay in interest will decrease in the same amount. Your property taxes increase, or rarely, decrease, and so might the homeowner's insurance in your monthly payment. For the most part payments on your fixed-rate loan will be very stable.
Your first few years of payments on a fixed-rate loan are applied primarily toward interest. That reverses itself as the loan ages.
Borrowers can choose a fixed-rate loan in order to lock in a low rate. People select fixed-rate loans because interest rates are low and they want to lock in the low rate. For homeowners who have an ARM now, refinancing into a fixed-rate loan can offer greater consistency in monthly payments. If you have an Adjustable Rate Mortgage (ARM) now, we can help you lock in a fixed-rate at the best rate currently available. Call Ward Kilduff Mortgage at (860) 658-7100 to discuss how we can help.
Adjustable Rate Mortgages — ARMs, come in a great number of varieties. ARMs are normally adjusted every six months, based on various indexes.
Most ARM programs have a cap that protects you from sudden monthly payment increases. Some ARMs can't increase more than 2% per year, regardless of the underlying interest rate. Your loan may feature a "payment cap" that instead of capping the interest rate directly, caps the amount the payment can go up in one period. The majority of ARMs also cap your interest rate over the life of the loan.
ARMs usually start at a very low rate that usually increases as the loan ages. You may have heard about "3/1 ARMs" or "5/1 ARMs". For these loans, the initial rate is fixed for three or five years. After this period it adjusts every year. These types of loans are fixed for a certain number of years (3 or 5), then they adjust after the initial period. These loans are best for borrowers who expect to move within three or five years. These types of adjustable rate programs benefit people who plan to move before the initial lock expires.
You might choose an ARM to get a very low initial interest rate and plan on moving, refinancing or absorbing the higher rate after the introductory rate expires. ARMs can be risky when housing prices go down because homeowners can get stuck with increasing rates when they can't sell their home or refinance at the lower property value.
Have questions about mortgage loans? Call us at (860) 658-7100. It's our job to answer these questions and many others, so we're happy to help!
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